Unit 14: The Cold War
- How and why did the leadership of the United States differ after World War II and World War I?
- How and why did the United States help the nations of Europe after World War II?
- What was the Cold War? How was different from previous wars?
- How were World War II and the Vietnam War different?
- How were the Vietnam War and the Gulf War different?
- How has our relationship with Latin America changed?
A. Role of the United Nations
- Human rights issues; United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)—role played by Eleanor Roosevelt on the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
- Actions of the United Nations to promote peace
B. United States and the Soviet Union emerge as world leaders
- The Cold War
- Truman Doctrine and Marshall plan
- Alliance systems: e.g., NATO, Warsaw Pact
C. Communist expansion leads to United States policy of containment
- In Europe: Berlin airlift, Berlin Wall
- In Asia: Communist China, Korean War
- In Latin America: Cuban missile crisis
- In Southeast Asia: Vietnam War
D. Superpower rivalry
- The spread of nuclear weapons
- The arms race
- From Sputnik to astronauts on the moon
E. Shifting foreign policies help lead to the end of the Cold War
- Detente and arms control beginning with President Nixon
- Military buildup and treaties to bring about reductions
- Fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) and the collapse of the Soviet Union
F. The United States seeks a new role in the world
- Arab-Israeli conflicts; Camp David Accord
- Persian Gulf War
- Peacekeeping missions; Somalia, Bosnia
G. Western Hemisphere relations
- Economic competition and cooperation: NAFTA
- Immigration patterns between the United States and Mexico, Latin America
- Spread of democratic principles in Latin America