Unit 16: World Geography

Essential Questions

  • What impact does geography have on history?
  • How do physical and human geography affect people and places?
  • To what extent are terms such as "Far East" and "Middle East" a reflection of European perspective on regions?


A. Five Themes of Geography

  1. Location – Geographers describe location in two ways: absolute location and relative location
  2. Human/Environment Interaction-Throughout history, humans have changed and have been changed by their environment.
  3. Region-any area that has common human and cultural characteristics. Global history and geography focuses on regions defined by political characteristics.
    • Latin America
    • Western Europe
    • Eastern Europe
    • Middle East
    • Sub-Saharan Africa
    • South Asia
    • China
    • Southeast Asia
    • Japan
  4. Place – what an area looks like in both physical and human terms
    • Physical geography
    • Human geography
  5. Movement is the transfer of people, goods, and ideas from one place to another.

B. Geographic factors affect the development of political systems.

C. Geographic factors influence a region's response to the three basic economic questions.

  1. What goods and services shall be produced and in what quantities?
  2. How shall goods and services be produced?
  3. For whom shall goods and services be produced?


  • Topography
  • Landlocked
  • Archipelago
  • Arable land
  • Cultural Diversity
  • Cultural Diffusion
  • Economic Interdependence


Classroom Ideas:

  • Read the labels on your clothing. Where were the clothes made? How does this affect supply and demand in the world economy?
  • Utilize student resources.
  • Globe Toss – The teacher tosses a beach ball globe to a student wherever their right thumb lands, the student has to identify continent or water, region and physical features of the area.
  • Create a flip and fold of the five themes of geography.
  • Make cross-curricular connections with biome vocabulary.

Final Assessment Ideas:

  • Create a Travel Brouchure or a keynote document that contains geographical information of a specific region.
  • Create an informative poster of a specific region.
  • Write a song of a specific region.
  • Quiz or Test